Skip To Main Content

Kindergarten Standards and Performance Indicators

RSU 5 Standards and Performance Indicators



Habits of Work


  • Respect: respect for the ideas, feelings, and property of others


  • Preparedness: timeliness, organization, homework completion


  • Engagement: participation, interpersonal involvement, group-work


  • Determination: ability to self-assess; persistence, effective use of feedback



Foundational Skills

Print Concepts

  • Understands basic features of print: left-right, spaces, text-voice match           
  • Recognizes and names all capital/ lowercase letters of the alphabet

Phonemic Awareness

  • Demonstrates understanding of syllables
  • Isolates and pronounces initial, medial, and final sounds (phonemes)
  • Recognizes and produces rhyming words
  • Produces all consonant sounds
  • With prompting, applies long and short vowel sounds when decoding words

Phonics and Word Recognition

  • Reads grade-appropriate high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, a, to)


  • Reads with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension

Writing Production

  • Handwrites with appropriate alignment and size, form, neatness and spacing


  • Spells grade level patterns


Narrative Reading

Comprehends Stories

  • Use pictures and story details to describe setting and events
  • Retell stories, including key details, and understands central message        
  • Uses key details to describe characters, settings, and major events in a story
  • Actively engages in group reading activities with purpose and understanding                                
  • With prompting, compares/contrasts adventures of characters in stories


Informational Reading

Comprehends Informational Text

  • With prompting, asks/answers questions about key details        
  • With prompting, identifies the main topic and retells key details        
  • With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words                                       
  • With prompting, compares/contrasts two texts on the same topic




Narrative Writing


  • Tells, draws, and writes a story


  • Elaborates writing by showing who was there, what they did, and how they felt


  • Writes letters for sounds, uses word wall words, and puts spaces between words


Informational Writing


  • Writes about a topic with a beginning and end.


  • Elaborates important things about the topic.


  • Writes letters for sounds, uses word wall words, and puts spaces between words


Opinion Writing


  • Writes, tells and draws likes and dislikes about a topic


  • The page reflects all the writers thoughts with details in pictures and words


  • Writes letters for sounds, uses word wall words, and puts spaces between words


Speaking and Listening

Comprehension and Collaboration

  • Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
  • Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.                                                          
  • Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

  • Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail.                                                           
  • Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.




Counting and Cardinality

  • Count to 100 by ones and tens; represent numbers to 20 in writing
  • Count to determine number and compare numbers

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Understand addition and subtraction

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Gain foundations for place value (working with numbers 11-19)

Measurement and Data

  • Describe and compare measurable attributes
  • Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category.


  • Identify and describe 2 dimensional and 3 dimensional shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres)
  • Describe the relative position of these shapes.

Communication and Reasoning

  • Demonstrates Standards for Mathematical Practices



Demonstrates Understanding of Science Content

Demonstrates Scientific Practices


Social Studies

Demonstrates understanding of social studies content

Applies social studies processes, knowledge and skills



  • Singing
  • Playing Instruments
  • Steady Beat
  • Listening


Physical Education

  • Participates in physical fitness activities
  • Demonstrates a variety of movement and balance skills
  • Identifies rules for physical education activities



  • Demonstrates understanding of art concepts
  • Demonstrates creative problem solving
  • Demonstrates art skills



  • Demonstrates understanding of concepts taught